How to plant a rose garden

Roses need friends or companion plants around them for various reasons, including pest and disease control, longer season of interest and aesthetics. Below are some basic rules to follow when pairing your favorite roses with other plants. With such a multitude of companion plants to pair your roses with, you are sure to find several combinations that will enhance your landscape and please your eye! View Garden. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

  • How to grow and plant roses like an expert
  • How to Grow Roses and Companion Plants Together
  • Growing roses – expert tips from Hever Castle rose garden
  • Soil Preparation
  • Container rose gardening made easy
  • How to Plant Roses
  • Rose garden ideas – for a colorful and sweetly scented outdoor space
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How to grow and plant roses like an expert

The History and Traditions of a Classic Dessert. Pulling Back the Curtain on the Executive Mansion. The inspiration for renewing the rose garden at the White House came from President Kennedy inMy involvement began at a picnic on a hazy summer day in August at our beach house on Cape Cod, surrounded by sand dunes, the sea, and sailboats.

It was a picnic for a few friends and included President and Mrs. Hardly had the President came ashore from his boat when he suggested we sit down and discuss a garden for the White House. He and Mrs. Kennedy had just returned from a state visit to France, followed by stops in England and Austria. The President had noted that the White House had no garden equal in quality or attractiveness to the gardens that he had seen and in which he had been entertained in Europe.

There he had recognized the importance of gardens surrounding an official residence and their appeal to the sensibilities of all people. He wanted to start, in the greatest haste, to remake the area near his office at the west end of the White House, known as the Rose Garden, into an area both useful and attractive.

Would I design it for him? It was a startling request to say the least. As an amateur, I questioned my ability to design a garden of such importance. Paying little attention to that doubt, he bubbled with enthusiasm, with fascinating details of how he wanted a garden to appeal to the most discriminating taste, yet a garden that would hold a thousand people for a ceremony. What gardener could resist? I agreed, on the spot, to meet in September. Time passed, and the day came when I called the White House as promised and spoke to J.

West, the chief usher, who arranged a day for our meeting in the garden. Perry Wheeler, a friend and a landscape architect living and practicing in Washington, agreed to come with me. He seemed to me a likely collaborator.

I was fortunate in this choice for from the beginning to the end of the project, he remained always interested, always helpful, and ever the honest critic. Show Me More. I vividly remember my first impression of the scene and the setting for the projected garden. The White House proper seemed exceptionally tall where it joined the long, low colonnade that linked it to the Oval Office and Cabinet Room. The garden had a simple plan. Four rows of clipped privet hedges about four feet tall ran the full length.

In the plan of parallel lines were tucked away Tom Thumb roses and occasional standard roses. We sat a long time trying to imagine how this area could be designed to reflect the requirements the President had so clearly outlined to me that day at the Cape.

Beyond the colonnade, the door of the Oval Office opened suddenly, and the President came out and in his usual brisk way crossed the lawn to greet us. Have you any ideas? I explained that I would have to think about it now that I had seen the space.

The tall central block of the White House in one corner and the West Wing, with its two low colonnades forming boundaries west and north, would have to be united in a harmonious and uncomplicated way.

After that first impression of the garden and my talk with the President, my sense of responsibility for redesigning the garden was very strong.

It was not until the end of October—the trees had lost their leaves—when late one afternoon, cold with the feeling of approaching winter and descending darkness, I was walking along Fifth Avenue in New York and looked up and saw three lovely magnolia trees growing in front of the Frick museum. The saucer magnolias transplanted from the Tidal Basin continue to thrive in the Rose Garden today.

I had often admired these trees before, but this evening they had a special importance to me. Their pale silvery branches with heavy twigs seemed to retain the light of summer. I knew their pattern of growth would continue to give form in winter and would catch raindrops as well as tufts of falling snow. I envisioned all four corners planted with Magnolia soulangeana. These trees would soften the difficult corners that were now bare and would permit sufficient light to fall beneath and around them to allow planting.

A byfoot lawn, large enough to accommodate a thousand people for ceremonial activities and receptions and small enough to be covered by a tent, would be in the center of the garden.

On either side of the large lawn there could be a border 12 feet wide in which to plant smaller trees, roses, and other flowers. The President loved flowers and asked if a variety of other types could be mixed with the roses.

At the west end near his office, the steps were to be redesigned for the President wanted them to serve both as steps and as a platform or stage. A central step was to be wider than the others, so that he could stand a little above the heads of the crowd in order that they might see and hear him more clearly. Opposite the steps, at the east end of the garden, a flagstone terrace was to be laid under the historic Magnolia grandiflora.

Here the President wished to have a place where he could sit and entertain his guests or, perhaps, hold a small luncheon. I had before me an interesting problem involving a fascinating place. The site had once been a stable yard; but due to its location beneath the great windows of the State Dining Room, the stable was soon relocated. Vegetables had been planted there by President Grant. The first rose garden known there had been a dream-like Victorian garden under glass, part of a large complex of greenhouses begun before the Civil War.

As the greenhouses grew, their magnificence increased. The rose house, as it was called was a plain, but very tall, rectangular glass structure that fit into the ell of the West Wing, the area of the present Rose Garden. These rows were crisscrossed by water pipes with low sprinklers. Canvas curtains, like the studio curtains in La Boheme , protected the masses of delicate blossoms from violent summer sunshine.

Her charming portrait in the White House shows her seated in the Colonial Garden on a pretty wooden bench, with the South Portico in the background. Here she wanted only sweet peas, black-eyed susans, quince—and the jasmine in which she and Theodore Roosevelt took great delight on summer evenings, as they sat in white painted rocking chairs on the South Portico.

Through time, the White House has had occupants who have loved gardens and some who have not. Taft, for example, preferred potted tropical plants inside to flower beds outside. The one flower that unites all the occupants through the history of the White House is the rose. Thus, for most of the 20 th century, the Rose Garden has been a rose garden. Now, in , President Kennedy wanted it restored in spirit but revised to become more than just a private garden. Designing a garden is not unlike designing a building: You begin with the skeleton sketch, a general pleasing outline or form, and proceed from there.

Within this structure, you can make subdivisions as you choose, more complicated or more detailed than the general form. During the Lyndon B. Johnson administration, Rachel Mellon also supervised the redesign of the East Garden seen here inIn , it was renamed the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden.

I was seated across the table from the President. President, not yet down on paper, but I will finish it and send it to you soon. This informal exchange, brief as it was, spurred me to move ahead more quickly.

A plan went down on paper, and I sent it to the President for approval. Within two days, I received his note of acceptance. I would have the cooperation of the National Park Service. All costs would be covered by the Park Service, but I was to keep expenses as low as possible. An important first step was to find someone to manage and implement the work of the Rose Garden.

There was an official over the gardens and grounds at the White House, but we needed a specialist with varied experience who understood all aspects of the undertaking. I set out to study local National Park Service gardens. Talking with Mr. Williams, I felt almost immediately that he was the right man to direct and oversee the new garden at the White House, as well as to make other improvements to the White House grounds.

I spoke to Mrs. Kennedy about this, with the hope that if he were willing, Mr. Williams could be transferred by the Park Service to become head gardener at the White House. This strategy worked out well for everyone, and Mr. Williams soon took up his duties there, becoming involved with all the details of building a new garden.

Much of the beauty of the White House landscape today is to his credit, as is the quality of the Rose Garden and the corresponding Jacqueline Kennedy Garden on the east side of the house. He has remained ever since as the guiding spirit of the work begun inWest helped complete our management team at the White House.

He was the chief executive officer in charge of White House operations and had been there since the s. He knew the schedule and activities of the President and his family and how we could adjust our building program to minimize their inconvenience.

Both Mr. Williams and Mr. West lent their intelligence—not to mention their charm—to the project; their spirits are woven into the planting of the Rose Garden.

The mention of their names recalls the ups and downs we experienced. One day while were removing the old soil and replacing it with new, we cut into a mysterious cable buried in a corner of the garden. The scene was suddenly alive with security guards, to the alarm of everyone. Records of its location were inaccurate, hence our innocent intrusion.

This startling experience was handled with calmness; not even the President reprimanded us for the deep digging. However, months later he asked me if I had found any other interesting objects in my gardening pursuits!

How to Grow Roses and Companion Plants Together

This is a classic rose garden with four beds arranged in a circle around a center gazebo, enclosed within a picket fence with arbors for climbing roses at the ends of the four brick paths. The roses, which include climbers, standards tree , hybrid, teas, grandifloras and floribundas are arranged by color, with the exception of a grouping of English roses of various colors. The purpose of this arrangement is to allow the public who may be looking for a particular color rose to see a selection in that color from which to choose. The roses were planted with correct spacing according to varietal size so that each bush stands alone and can be seen as an individual. All the roses are 1 best quality plants an are kept pruned and deadheaded to show them off at their best during the growing season. All roses are named.

Plant roses in a well-prepared bed of garden soil liberally mixed with organic matter (well-composted animal manure, peat moss, decayed leaves.

Growing roses – expert tips from Hever Castle rose garden

A spectacular garden featuring rose planting mixed with herbaceous planting to create rich seasonal flower beds and strong scents. The design was developed from the concept of horns sounding one's arrival into Hyde Park from Hyde Park Corner. The central circular area enclosed by the yew hedge is imagined to be the mouth of a trumpet or horn and the seasonal flower beds are the flaring notes coming out of the horn. The rose planting is mixed with herbaceous planting, creating rich seasonal flower beds and strong scents. The spectacular seasonal bedding is a hugely popular feature; the gardens attract high numbers of tourists particularly in the summer months and are still popular throughout the year with local residents and office workers as a quiet contemplative place. The best time to see the roses is early summer, although they continue to flower through to the first frosts. The flower beds are planted twice a year with spring and summer displays, but regardless of the time of year you visit, there will always be something to see. Be the first to hear our latest news and read about upcoming events, learning and volunteering opportunities, fundraising and park improvement projects when you sign up to our mailing list.

Soil Preparation

Roses are favorable and beloved flowers that hold a symbol of love, romance, and friendship throughout the world. With these helpful tips, we will show you how to start a rose garden at home, opening pathways toward luxurious blooms and glossy foliage that will adorn your yard for years to come. There are many varieties of roses to choose from that come in a wide array of shapes and colors. Select types of roses that are low maintenance, hardy, and resistant to disease.

Rambling roses trained along fences or perfectly pruned standard roses — whatever your bloom of choice may be, filling your piece of paradise with fragrant floral displays will bring joy on a daily basis.

Container rose gardening made easy

Roses are such an incredible addition to any garden. We rounded up several beautiful garden designs to serve as some inspiration—now get out and get gardening! Cotswold Diary. What plants want most is to grow, so why not give them the opportunity to do that to the fullest? This wild garden from Cotswold Diary is a lovely example of what happens when you let rose bushes have free rein in the garden.

How to Plant Roses

Roses love sun and good air movement around them. To keep them healthy place them in an area with 6 or more hours of sun. Master Nursery Bumper Crop Starter Fertilizer Blended with beneficial soil microbes including mychorrhizal fungi for plant success. Our gentle and non-burning formula is safe to use with even the most tender transplants. It is also important in preventing transplant shock. In Central Ohio roses should be planted deep unlike most other plants that should be planted no deeper than the depth of the root ball.

When growing roses, it's important to choose a site receiving at least six hours of sun each day. Rose bushes must also be located in well-.

Rose garden ideas – for a colorful and sweetly scented outdoor space

It takes less than 30 minutes to create a mini rose garden using one patio rose in bloom and two companion plants with equal flower power. This proves that roses are not only for gardeners with large plots and deep pockets but for everyone that loves the queen of flowers. Patio roses are smaller roses bred for their ability to survive in containers.


When it comes to flowering plants for the garden, it's hard to go past roses, with their gorgeous blooms and heady scents. They're reliable, hardy, long-lived and most repeat flower for months, putting on a dazzling display from spring to autumn. Roses come in an incredible range of flower forms and sizes — from tiny singles to fully double blowsy blooms — and fragrances vary from soft to richly scented. Roses need plenty of sunshine — about six hours or more each day.

Roses are one of the most commonly sought out flowers for their beauty, scent and overall abundance.

The English Rose is undoubtedly one of our most iconic garden plants. They are also incredibly versatile plants that suit a wide range of design styles and planting schemes, from small spaces to expansive gardens. Whether you opt for traditional cottage charm or a more contemporary setting, a rose garden can provide a great intimate and sensory space to sit, relax and spend time. With inspiration from the experts at world-famous breeder, David Austin Roses, we look at how to design your own rose garden, considering the right varieties for your garden setting and looking at perfect companion plants to mix together in beds and borders. Demonstrating that simplicity is often the key and the spectacular results of planting just a few varieties of English Roses together.

The redesigned Rose Garden provides year-round interest with textural grasses and sedges in this January landscape. Nestled adjacent to our Topiary Garden and overlooking our Main Fountain Garden, this evolving garden was first planted by du Pont in spring —making it one of the last gardens added during his lifetime. Yew trees were planted on either side of the walk to frame views into the Main Fountain Garden. In , we embarked on a redesign of the Rose Garden to help encourage lingering and exploration within the garden itself, as well as better connect the Rose Garden with adjacent gardens.

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