What should i plant in my garden in october

Jump to a month by clicking on each link. Click here for a printable pdf version of this calendar. If you start other seeds now, they'll get leggy and weak before you can plant them outdoors in May. Avoid planting seeds of most other plants until March and April. These include snapdragons, annual salvias, and impatiens.

  • July Gardening Guide
  • What to plant in October?
  • October Garden Guide: Planning, Planting, and More
  • What to Plant in a Fall Vegetable Garden
  • Fall Vegetable Gardening Guide for Texas
  • Perennials: planting
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: What Can I Grow In October - What To Plant In October - Autumn Sowing Guide

July Gardening Guide

The days may be getting shorter and there may be a chill in the air, but gardening days are not done quite yet! Even in the colder days of October and even in fairly northerly locations, there is still valuable planting to be done. So what should you be thinking about planting in October as fall comes to call in earnest? Because as we know, locations, temperatures, frost dates, and growing zones can vary quite a lot. To hone the timing for your specific location, for every zone higher than USDA growing zone 6, plant up to two weeks later; for every zone lower, plant two weeks earlier.

Of course, you should also consider your frost and freezing dates and your own possible microclimate based on your personal experience you can see a difference of days or weeks even in different elevations in the same town. Note that USDA hardiness zones are based on average winter temperatures and plant survivability, not on frost and freeze dates.

The crops included here are not much affected by frosts, but hard freezes and ground freezing is an issue because the goal is to get most of these crops situated before the harshness of winter. USDA growing zones are the standard for knowing what can and cannot survive in your growing location.

They are based on the average low winter temperature and are then separated by increments of ten degrees Fahrenheit. All of this said the timing of these crops is a bit more forgiving than the timing of crops planted in the spring.

In the spring we are looking heavily at normal last frost dates and average warming temperatures to know when things can safely live outside. What you can grow in October and what you can plant in October are two different things.

Primarily, you can grow cold-hardy crops that do not die with frost. Plants that you planted either earlier in the summer and that are still living and producing, or that you planted late in the summer for fall harvest may still produce and yield a harvest straight through the month and perhaps longer if it is a particularly warm year with few very hard frosts. The idea behind planting certain crops, covers, bulbs, and bushes in the fall is that they will have a short but adequate period in which to grow while the temperatures are cool but the ground temperatures soil temperatures are still warm enough to support root formation and root growth.

As the ground temperature drops, the plant or bulb will then go into a dormant state for the winter but will already be in place and ready to wake and renew that growth very early in the spring—earlier than you would even be able to work the soil.

This results in strong roots and the longest possible growing season for those plants making them bigger, better, brighter, and better-yielding. This long period of growing and early start are really necessary for many plants and crops and without it, they often will not live up to their expected potential; they may not bloom or yield at all in the first year in the case of some perennials.

Much of what we plant in October are bulb-type crops. These are the crops that need that early start to yield well. Some are pretty disappointing if you wait until the spring to plant them.

The added benefit is that the planting for these crops will be done come next spring so you have more time to focus on your more tender new plants and vegetables. Note that not all bulbs are winter-hardy in all areas. For example, gladiolas and tubers like dahlias will not survive winter ground freezes in many locations. Basically, if a bulb is one that requires digging in your growing zone, it is not one that you want to plant in the fall.

Some of the higher, warmer zones may have more bulbs that can be fall-planted. Select your fall-planted flower bulbs according to plant hardiness recommendations for that specific flower or variety. Note also that even within wider bulb families some varieties may not be as hardy as others, and so therefore you want to check the planting time and cold hardiness for the specific variety of bulb that you are planting.

For example, Dutch irises and Siberian irises are hardy in zone 5 and can be fall planted, but not all varieties of iris should be planted in the fall in zone 5. Plan to mulch your fall-planted bulbs to protect them against winter extremes, conserve moisture, and help control early spring weeds.

Many of the plants and crops that grow as perennials need to be divided for optimal continued good growth. Over time, perennial plants that are never divided can become root-bound and get smaller and produce less, not more. Fall is the right time to do that for most of these crops, and so October, with its lower garden growing and harvest demands, is a good time to divide plants. This also means that October is a good time to put these plants in the ground in most areas, even if you have to buy them or plant them from nursery stock.

Keep in mind that people who have these types of crops and are digging and dividing for the health of their crops will often have more than they want or need.

The plants you should not divide in the fall are those that are fall-bloomers. Spring and early-summer crops or bloomers usually appreciate being divided in the fall and not in the spring when they are doing their growing. Spring and summer bloomers will be more stressed by increasing warmth, production, growth, and temperatures but will not endure those stresses if divided in the fall when they are going dormant. Cover crops are beneficial for a number of reasons, even for the small home gardener.

Cover crops help prevent erosion during the months your garden is inactive. Most are excellent sources of vital nutrients such as nitrogen. Planting a cover crop in October can be iffy and often depends on the year and the weather you are having. However, since many of us are still actively gardening through September, it may not be possible to sow a cover crop earlier than October.

You may still have time to plant an October cover crop if the seed is a fast-starter or a particularly cold-hardy variety. It just means doing a little more research to ensure good establishment this late in the year. The best thing to do if you are looking to plant a cover crop in October is to research the specific variety in question. If you are looking for a cover crop to sow after mid-September and into early October, a winter rye or perennial ryegrass will be your best bet in the mid to lower growing zones.

Higher zones will have more options, but the ryes are a good late cover crop for most growers to consider. The combination of cooler weather and still-warm soil temperatures makes fall a great time for planting many bushes because it encourages them to focus on root growth instead of leaf, blossom, or crop production. In turn this results in them building a better foundation. Good plant and bush establishment—especially for long-haul plants like bushes and shrubs—depends on root development first and foremost.

As long as your ground does not freeze hard in October or early November, these crops, bulbs, trees, and bushes can be planted in the ground now, where they will be ready for early establishment in the spring. They will benefit from better, earlier growth because they will be waking with the rhythms of nature earlier than when you will be able to get onto the ground for spring planting.

Hardy fall-planted plants will also be able to work more in step with rhythms of dormancy and water requirements. Basically, they will wake and grow with the natural timing of life in your location, as opposed to the confusion the plants may experience between nursery life and real-life out of doors.

And you will enjoy the comfort of knowing you have new life and plants in the ground, waiting to greet you with the strong spring sun! Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Skip to primary navigation Skip to main content Skip to primary sidebar Search.

Fall--and October in particular--is an important planting time for a number of plants and crops. Fall planting gives many types of plants and bushes the best possible start. Garlic is one of the most popular crops to be planted in October. There's really no better way to grow garlic, which is hardy in almost every growing zone.

If planted earlier, hardy plants like lettuce, radish, and spinach will continue to produce for quite some time throughout the fall--and without the risk of warm-weather bolting experienced in the summer months. Hardy vegetables and plants that were planted in late summer or early fall, and even some planted at the beginning of summer, can continue to grow and produce well into the cold of October.

Cole crops and brassicas as well as many greens will continue to thrive and produce through frost. Growers often find it easier to grow some crops--like this cauliflower--in the fall. Cauliflower, like others, prefers growing in cooler weather. Don't forget your hardy decorative fall plants, too! Decorative cabbages, kale, and mums are all great things to put in the ground for some October color. Fall is prime time for the planting of berry bushes, shrubs, orchard trees, and more.

An October start lets plants focus on root growth to support later tree and plant growth. A large garlic harvest depends on the longer growing afforded by planting in the fall. In most areas, the ideal month to plant garlic is October. Onion sets can be fall-planted in October for larger, earlier spring harvests. New research trials are showing this to be a good strategy for growing onions. Fall planting of hardy flowering bulbs like daffodils and tulips is essential for spring blooms.

Members of the allium family--whether edible or ornamental--do well when planted in October. Plant spring-flowering bulbs now and you'll enjoy being greeted by these beautiful, tough early spring flowers. What better to brighten up the muddy brown days of the spring thaw season?

Some types of perennial crops and flowers need dividing to remain strong and productive. This rhubarb, for example, would benefit from an October division to set it up for a more productive spring. Asparagus is one crop that benefits from dividing in the fall every few years.

Use divisions to grow your patch. Divided plants will produce more quickly than new starts. Clipping and replanting strawberry runners is a great way to grow your berry harvest. October is a very good time to plant strawberries, whether from new plants or divisions from runners. Fall is the best time for dividing and replanting peonies. This helps you expand the number of plants, but allows those plants to also grow larger and stronger.

And gorgeous blooms like this are your reward for your work in October! Planting a cover crop in October will help protect your bare garden ground from erosion and will also add fertility as a "green manure".

Fall planting allows for a focus on root growth without the stresses and demands of warmer weather. Fall can also be a good time to find a clearance deal on trees, shrubs, bushes, and berries!

October is a great time to plant a new strawberry patch--this is the timing used by professional growers! Bushes and berries of all kinds benefit from planting in the fall.

It's often like gaining an entire year of growth by having your bushes established and in place to wake with the spring season. Get ready for spring bounty and beauty. Plant these crops, plants, and flowers in October--a little autumn work will go a long way to reward you in the coming spring!

What to plant in October?

Do you wanna know the REAL reason? You sure? You see, I love living in a place where we have four seasons. And so on…. So yeah, I usually rather enjoy the down-shift from all the crazy summer chores as we transition into fall. But considering how my gardening has become so much easier thanks to the deep mulch method , I am kinda excited to plan a bit of a fall garden this year… Providing my very pregnant self can still bend over to shove some seeds in the dirt. Check out my article on How to Plan and Plant a Fall Garden if you would like more details and tips for starting your fall garden.

You can also plant hardy evergreen shrubs: rhodies, hydrangeas, hostas, etc. What can I plant in my Washington DC garden now (in October)?. 3 Answers.

October Garden Guide: Planning, Planting, and More

Plant sunny yellow daffodil bulbs in fall for a cheerful spring show. Pride of Lion daffodils open true yellow blooms. Autumn is the perfect time to plant many different items, including grass, trees, tulips and daffodils. Pests and disease problems typically dwindle in fall, and in many regions, seasonal rains help give plants a solid start. What should you be planting in fall? Get bulbs in the ground when soil temps hit 55 F. This generally occurs when you no longer hear crickets, night temps hover between 40 F and 50 F or fall color is just past peak. Cool-season grasses include fine fescues red, chewings, hard, tall , Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass and bentgrass.

What to Plant in a Fall Vegetable Garden

By: Author Courtney. October is a favorite month for many people, including gardeners. There are many things to plant in the fall, particularly October that will reap many benefits come next spring. Several flower and food plants can be planted in October so the garden season can be extended until winter. Depending on plant choices and your zone, you can even extend the garden season throughout the winter.

Listed below are flower, vegetable and herb varieties that are great to start planting in October based on the Hardiness Zone that you live in. Flowers Zones : October is a great time to plant those fall flowers.

Fall Vegetable Gardening Guide for Texas

Fall is prime planting time in Southern California to get berries established for spring harvest and fill your larder with tasty greens, brassicas, peas and root crops all winter long. Here are 12 things to plant right now:. Pro tip: Their tangy green tops can be harvested sparingly as the roots mature to perk up soups, stews and salads. Berries Plant strawberries, raspberries and other vining berries in loose, well-composted soil for a spring harvest that will increase every year. Pro tip: IBlueberries require acidic potting soil in big containers at least 24 inches deep. Water every other month with 4 tablespoons of white vinegar mixed into 2 gallons of water to maintain the acidity blueberries crave.

Perennials: planting

Our fall planting season started in September, but October is still a great time to your fall garden started. So, what can you plant this month? Many of the same scrumptious veggies we encouraged you to plant in September are also great choices for October. Join us at one of our upcoming Grow Local Intro to Food Gardening class series for a hands-on learning experience to help you reap a bountiful harvest this season. We wish you a wonderful start to your fall gardens! Carrots also come in a variety of colors, including yellow, maroon, and several shades of orange. Leafy greens and Brassicas: Lettuces, spinach, and Swiss chard can be planted from seed or from transplant this month. Plant members of the Brassica family, including broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, and cauliflower, from transplant.

Brighten up beds, patios or the front doorstep with traditional autumn bedding plants. Cyclamen, chrysanthemums, pansies, violas and ornamental.

Autumn is the perfect time to plant bulbs, perennials, and more before winter sets in. Next spring, your new plants will get off to a stronger start. After a steamy summer, autumn's cooler air temperatures are easier on both plants and gardeners , but the soil is still warm enough to allow roots to grow until the ground freezes.

Available Now. October is really the last of the hectic months on the vegetable plot. This is the month when the first frosts usually arrive so killing off all but the hardy plants. Over-wintered broad beans can go in from the middle of the month to provide an early crop next year.

As the weather cools and you start putting your garden to bed for the winter use this October planting guide to get a few seeds in your garden for spring harvest.

It may be near the end of the month but there is still time to get planting in the garden. The Irish Seed Savers Association have advice on how to the make the best of the colder months and keep your garden flourishing all year round. During Autumn, planting is not very active. However, there are types of plants which are suitable for planting this time of year. It is still possible to try over-wintered broad beans, which can go in from the middle of the month.

Make a donation. Planting perennials is relatively straight forward. Prepare the soil, dig a hole and set in the roots, watering well afterwards.

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