Landscape conservation software
Landscape conservation software is a set of tools and techniques used to manage and protect natural landscapes and ecosystems.
In a broad sense, landscape conservation software may be used to support the management of an entire landscape in the widest sense of the term. This is the case for example when a government department wishes to create a policy document for the management of an entire landscape such as a national park or nature reserve. Such a policy may require a land use map to identify the existing and proposed human development activities, and for which to create mitigation programs and plans. If this policy is in part achieved using a program such as GIS software, the result is known as a Landscape Conservation Plan (LCP).
More narrowly, landscape conservation software is used to facilitate the monitoring, maintenance and management of a specific natural landscape or portion thereof, as well as to create a spatial record of the conservation status and potential management options for that specific landscape. As opposed to a Landscape Conservation Plan (LCP), it could be used to create a Landscape Conservation Monitoring Plan (LCMP) or Landscape Conservation Strategy (LCS). In the latter, the software and tools are not limited to a landscape design or implementation, but are also able to facilitate or augment the conservation decision making process. It can be used to address different scales, from a specific natural landscape to an entire biodiversity region, as well as being used at the policy-making, conservation practice and advocacy levels.
In Australia, in the Land Conservation Assistance Scheme (LCAS) Program, landscape conservation software and planning tools are used to support land-based ecological monitoring, habitat management, and habitat management. Landscape conservation software and techniques are used to develop the LCP, LCMP or LCS, to monitor the condition of individual sites, and implement the management and monitoring strategies for that site. In addition, the scheme provides subsidies to implement projects that increase the ecological capacity of landscapes.
Landscape conservation software can be used in different ways. For example, it can be used to:
Generate a spatial dataset based on an initial input, such as a parcel map.
Produce a series of maps, or a map of maps, such as a "landscape image".
Allow a more efficient and effective conservation planning process.
Visualise the status of a conservation landscape.
Aid in the conservation of a landscape by facilitating the identification of critical natural sites and habitats.
Enhance public engagement.
Support management of natural systems.
Landscape conservation software is often used as a communication tool. For example, the user may want to show land-holders and agencies the location of critical natural habitats and conservation priority areas.
Category:Conservation in Australia
Category:Science and technology in Australia
Category:Environment of Australia