Sumac tree fruit

Staghorn sumac Rhus typhina , one of the ornamental sumac varieties, produces 3-foot-long, graceful pinnate leaves that turn a brilliant yellow-orange color in the fall, and it bears crimson-red fruits in winter. The tree grows upright, reaching up to 15 feet tall. Branches have a coat of short brown hairs that look similar to deer antlers. These ornamental shrubs are hardy in U. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 though 9 and are susceptible to only a few diseases. Verticillium wilt is a fungus known to attack many different types of woody herbaceous plants, and the staghorn sumac is susceptible to this fungus.

  • Dictionary
  • What are sumac trees good for?
  • Sow Sumac for Seasonal Color
  • Staghorn Sumac Fruit
  • How to Know Sumac Leaves
  • Laurel Sumac
  • Smooth Sumac Tree Seeds
  • Finding Magic in The Staghorn Sumac—Foraging
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Staghorn Sumac Seeds and Busting Myths


It is a weedy shrub that fills in neglected pastures and spreads into your yard. There are twelve species of sumac native to the United States, worldwide.

All the actual sumacs, genus Rhus , have red fruits and are safe to eat. Poison sumac, Toxicodendron vernix, has white fruits and is classified with poison ivy, not sumacs. However, sumacs are in the plant family Anacardiaceae, which includes poison ivy and cashews; people sensitive to them should be wary of sumacs.

Rhus is the old Roman name for sumacs; they were important plants in Old World leather working and dyeing industries. The word sumac, in various spellings, goes back beyond Rome to a Syriac Aramaic word meaning red. The most widespread American sumac is smooth sumac, Rhus glabra, found all across the United States and into Canada. It has smooth twigs and stems. The specific epithet glabra means smooth.

Staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina , very similar to smooth sumac, is native to the eastern US. That fuzz is the source of the name staghorn; the stems resemble velvet-covered new antlers. This post is about both species. Smooth and staghorn sumacs are shrubs, growing to about 15 feet high, very quickly.

They like full sun but tolerate some shade. Sumacs spread via underground stems rhizomes to form clumps or invade the flower bed across the path. The flowers are small and greenish-yellow, but the fruits form dramatic red clusters.

They turn a spectacular red in the fall. The American sumacs help reforest a disturbed site ecological succession. They move in on grasses and herbaceous plants, shading them out as their thick leaves cut off the sun. But as taller plants grow in, maples, or aspen, or pines depending on where you are, they decline, shaded out themselves.

Birds love the red sumac fruits. Sumacs raise the fruits above the leaves, making them visible to birds and easy to eat. Birds digest the red flesh but pass the smooth seed through, to drop in feces. This disperses sumacs and helps them invade new areas. People like sumac fruits too.

The small fruits normally called berries are technically drupes, fleshy fruits with a hard seed inside. Sumac drupes are tasty, if astringent, and rich in nutrients including vitamin C. The traditional use is as a drink; steep the fruit in water, strain, serve cold. The taste is similar to lemonade and, like lemonade, may need sugar to appeal to you. Foragers eat the new shoots of smooth and staghorn sumac raw, after peeling. Sumac does not appear much in European herbal medicine.

The Chinese species Rhus chinensis was used to cure malaria, rheumatism, epidemic fevers, and other ailments. Native Americans used smooth sumac fruits or roots or flowers to stop or induce vomiting, to stop diarrhea or purge the body, for asthma, to sooth sunburn and other ailments.

Traditional uses of smooth and staghorn sumac since settlement included a tea or syrup from the drupes for fever, a tea from bark to gargle for a sore throat, antiseptic leaf poultices, and a tea of leaves and drupes for urinary problems. Modern studies find the compounds in sumacs are antibiotic, anti-cancer, anti-oxidant and more, but there has been little scientific study of the efficacy of particular sumac remedies.

Like their European relatives, smooth and staghorn sumac are rich in tannins and form good natural dyes black, yellow, tan, green or can be used as a mordant to fix other dyes. A pretty yard plant, a brilliant splash of fall color, a food source for birds and people, the sumacs are useful native shrubs.

Retired, she now pursues travel and history, endlessly fascinated by different places and times. And, wherever Kathy goes, she is irresistibly drawn to plants. On this website and on her blog you can gain a deeper enjoyment of the natural world and discover information about plants that will delight and enchant you.

Albert-Matesz, R. Natural Healing: Snack on Sumac Berries. Mother Earth Living. Carroll, J. Gardening Know How. Deane, G. Sumac: More than Just Native Lemonade. Eat The Weeds. Halwell, R. The Edible East End. McRae, B. Colors from Nature. Growing, Collecting and Using Natural Dyes. Storey Communications, Inc. Moerman, D.

Native American Ethnobotany. Timber Press, Portland, OR. Thayer, S. Millspaugh, C. American Medicinal Plants. Dover Publications, NY. Rayne, S. Biological Activities of Extracts from Sumac Rhus spp. Nature Procedings. The salsifies are spring weeds. Three species are found all over North America, introduced from Europe.

Salsify, also called vegetable oyster and oyster plant, Tragopogon porrifolius, is a purple-flowered plant with a flower shaped like a dandelion, narrow leaves, and a seed head like a large dandelion about the size of a tennis ball.

Meadow salsify, […]. Plantains, especially common plantain, Plantago major, and lanceleaf plantain, Plantago lancelolata, are very common plants, so common they usually go unnoticed.

All the leaves come […]. Updated on Feb 21, Originally Published on Jan 1,Salsify, Vegetable Oyster, Goatsbeard The salsifies are spring weeds. Common and Lanceleaf Plantain, Plantago Plantains, especially common plantain, Plantago major, and lanceleaf plantain, Plantago lancelolata, are very common plants, so common they usually go unnoticed.

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What are sumac trees good for?

Do Not Touch! Look at a tree book if necessary, but learn how to know this dangerous tree before you touch any sumac! As with the other sumacs it also grows as a shrub. The bark is gray to blackish and either smooth or slightly streaked.

Its leaves resemble native sumac, but its fruits are flat, twisted, winged seeds. Tree of Heaven's flowers and leaves have an unpleasant odor, somewhat like.

Sow Sumac for Seasonal Color

Always champion of the underdog, the Grump comes to you today to defend the honor of a maligned and seldom appreciated plant -- sumac. Sumac gets a bad rap for two reasons. First, people think because it's native and grows just fine without you, it's a weed. Second, folks believe that contact with sumac foliage causes skin rashes just like poison ivy. It does not. But you can't blame them for assuming that. After all, until recently sumac, poison ivy, and poison oak were all classified under the same genus, Rhus. Then wiser minds prevailed and poison ivy and oak were moved to a different genus, Toxicodendron , which is Latin for "poison tree. I'll reveal some easy ways to distinguish good sumac from poison sumac a little later. With some exceptions, sumacs share a number of characteristics.

Staghorn Sumac Fruit

Poison Sumac, or Toxicodendron vernix , is a common North American plant that causes skin irritation to people. Like its better-known cousin poison ivy , the green leaves of poison sumac sure to put a damper on an otherwise pleasant camping trip or another outdoor excursion. Poison sumac also goes by the name thunderwood in the southeastern US. Poison sumac is toxic thanks to the compound called urushiol, which is found in all parts of the plant.

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How to Know Sumac Leaves

Cold Stream Farm is a retail and wholesale supplier of Sumac Shrubs. From our farmland in Free Soil Michigan, we grow, package, and ship Sumac seedlings and transplants anywhere in the United States with no minimum order requirements. Some plants may only be available in the spring season, so please plan accordingly. All Sumac plants are small trees or deciduous shrubs, typically bearing dense, spike-like flowers in a variety of colors. Staghorn Sumac, also known as velvet sumac or hairy sumac is an attractive flowering plant native to parts of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada. The plant has been cultivated around the world for its bright colors and many uses.

Laurel Sumac

This plant belongs to the family Anacardiadeae, which includes the terebinth and the pistachio. Though sumacs are generally encountered as shrubs or small trees, they can grow up to 40 ft tall. Sumacs propagate both by seed spread by birds and other animals , and by new shoots from rhizomes, forming large clonal colonies. The leaves are spirally arranged; though some species have trifoliate or simple leaves. These greenish, creamy white or red flowers are very small and each has five petals. The fruits are shaped like lentils, and are hairy with an acrid taste.

Poison Sumac Fruit Characteristics. other fruit (not cone, winged, acorn, or in pod or capsule); without husk or capsules; loose, not packed tightly.

Smooth Sumac Tree Seeds

Years ago, as a newly minted Natural Resources Steward graduate formerly the Tree Stewards program , I discovered a pretty, bright red compound leaf on a small shrub growing along the side of the road. It was late summer — a first sign of fall. The leaf was unusual, unlike any I had ever seen.

Finding Magic in The Staghorn Sumac—Foraging

Oklahoma Proven is a plant promotion program coordinated by faculty in the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture at Oklahoma State University. The goal of the program is to recommend plants well-adapted for use across Oklahoma. Sumacs are native to Oklahoma and these selections have unique characteristics. Laciniata or laceleaf sumac has deeply divided leaflets that create a fine-textured, lacey appearance and turn shades of red, orange and yellow in fall. This cultivar can grow 10 to 15 feet tall.

The tree of heaven is commonly known as ailanthus, a varnish tree. It is a deciduous tree in the family of Simaroubaceae.

You are currently viewing trees and plants for your hardiness zone Change. A fiery autumn beauty! Staghorn Sumac is a deciduous shrub with year-round beauty. A shining native that supports our natural ecology! Their most notable feature of yellow-green flowers gives way to clusters of fuzzy, bright red berries attracting Northern Cardinals, nuthatches, grosbeaks, sparrows, and a host of many other birds to come for lunch. This shrub is the perfect balance between rugged and gracefully delicate with its vigorous growth and gorgeous foliage. Over-sized leaves give this eclectic native an almost tropical look.

A large shrub or small tree, usually very open, loose and spreading. Habit becomes picturesque over time. Average mature size of ' tall and wide, can grow to ' tall and wide in the wild. National champion, in Alabama, is 57' tall and 41' wide.

Watch the video: Διάσωση Παλιών Ποικιλιών Οπωροφόρων Δέντρων u0026 Δασικών Καρπών

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