Our selection of fruit trees changes every year, so we post lists annually to help with planning. The lists are based on orders that are confirmed by our growers, so they reflect our best estimate of what to expect. However, we don't always receive what is confirmed - there are often changes in root stocks and crop failures can occur. Only after orders arrive are we certain of our stock. Fruit trees, berries and small fruits begin to arrive in February, and trickle in weekly through winter.
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Summer fruits are among the most delicious things we eat, and ripe summer fruit from your own garden is even better. To keep your fruit trees healthy and producing fruit, learn how and when to prune fruit trees. Below are fruiting trees that grow well in northern Virginia and that we find are generally the easiest to care for. Choose a south or southwest position to plant your tree, and make sure it receives full sun. Figs like a soil pH in the neutral range, about 6 to 7 pH, and fertile soil.
Depending on your microclimate, your figs may or may not need winter wrapping. Dwarf figs are also excellent candidate for espalier, where a tree is pruned to grow flat against a wall. Fig tree bark is smooth and gray, and its wood is soft and easy to prune. If your tree has a grafted rootstalk, be sure to prune off any base suckering. Virginia is among the top states for apple production, with about 25 varieties grown. These are grown in different conditions throughout the state.
As some apple varieties need cool evening temperatures to produce high-quality fruit, be sure to check that your garden provides low-enough night-time temperatures. For a home orchard or garden, consider a dwarf or semi-dwarf variety. Even if you have plenty of room, dwarf and semi-dwarf trees are easily kept to a safe and manageable height, require less structural pruning, and make harvesting from the ground easy and safe.
But there are many, many more! Virginia Tech publishes a comprehensive article on apple growing in the state, and you can read it here. Apple trees need fertile, well-draining soil and protection from frost when flowering and setting fruit. Avoid low-lying areas where water and cold air may pool. Higher elevations have cooler evenings, and higher planting locations in a garden provide better soil drainage. Crabapple varieties offer a range of flower color and fruit size, on large or small trees that may have an upright, spreading, or weeping form.
Some varieties also have wonderful fall color. But there are over varieties of ornamental crabapples! NOTE : For both fruiting apples and ornamental crabapples, choose varieties that are resistant to these common diseases:. The native eastern red cedar, Juniperus virginiana , is the host for the cedar-apple rust fungus. When choosing a pear variety, freezing temperatures should be your first consideration.
As with apples, pear trees want well-draining soil in full sun. Pear trees can tolerate more wet soil for longer periods than apple trees can, but should not be planted where water sits for more than a day or two. Also, be sure to choose varieties that have shown resistance to fireblight.
The most commonly available commercial pear varieties are not resistant to fireblight, so they are not listed here. Cherries have been grown in the U. Nowadays, fruiting trees are almost always grafted on rootstalk and new varieties are regularly developed.
Unlike apples or pears, however, cherries are very sensitive to climate and temperature and may be difficult to grow. These trees are selected for their stunning spring flower displays, their fragrance, and their fall foliage. Several varieties of flowering cherry grow well in Virginia, including:. Higan cherry trees have an attractive weeping shape. But, if you have a larger property, they can also be grown in multiples to create a personal orchard. Individual fruit trees should also be properly spaced from other nearby trees.
This will ensure that:. The best way to ensure healthy trees is to plant them correctly. Planting orchard trees and then maintaining their productivity can mean regular monitoring and preventive care. Our trained staff can advise you, and even make a plan for keeping your fruit trees healthy and productive.
April 13, Category: Tree Care Tips. Apple Malus Virginia is among the top states for apple production, with about 25 varieties grown. NOTE : For both fruiting apples and ornamental crabapples, choose varieties that are resistant to these common diseases: Fireblight Powdery mildew Apple scab Cedar-apple rust The native eastern red cedar, Juniperus virginiana , is the host for the cedar-apple rust fungus. Pear Pyrus When choosing a pear variety, freezing temperatures should be your first consideration.
Cherry Prunus Cherries have been grown in the U. Fruiting cherry trees A drawing of Montmorency cherries. A flowering black cherry tree. In need of tree care services?
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Revised by David W. Apples are adapted to most areas of Georgia. Although the northern half of the state Zones 1, 2, 3 is best suited for the more "conventional" apple varieties, you can have success in the southern half of Georgia with adapted varieties. Regardless of where you live, if you are not willing to provide timely care for your trees and fruit, then you might be happier in years to come if you choose plants that require less care.
Ann Ralph shows you how to cultivate small yet abundant fruit trees using Another helpful site has been Dave Wilson Orchard's, Backyard Orchard Culture.
Peach except J. Hale , nectarine, apricot, grape, brambles, strawberry, sour cherry, currant, gooseberry, and jostaberry do not require cross-pollination but do require bee activity for the best fruit set. Many of the European and Japanese plum cultivars are self-fruitful. Consult catalogs and reference books for information on specific cultivars. Apples, pears Asian and European , and most sweet cherries are generally self-unfruitful and require pollen from another variety within feet to produce a good crop.
Pollination is an important topic when growing fruit trees because many - but certainly not all - varieties require pollination from a compatible donor tree before they can set fruit. However it is a natural process that almost always ""just works"".
Fruit trees are a lovely sight in every season. September is an ideal time to harvest fruit from your garden trees. It is also a perfect time to plant fruit trees, while the soil is still warm and moist. Growing your own fruit trees yields many benefits. Secondly, it helps preserve health with a green lifestyle.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. The most commonly planted fruit trees are apple trees but you don't always have to follow convention. Pear, plum, fig and medlar trees can also produce good results. Different varieties produce their fruit at different times of year. The fruit of early ripening trees tends not to keep well whereas later ripening varieties are suitable for storing over winter. A key factor in getting a successful crop is the tree's rootstock. To ensure a productive tree, nurseries attach part of one tree to another recommended for growing fruit. This is called grafting, allowing you to benefit from the healthy rootstock of one tree and the tasty fruit of another.
So what fruit trees grow for the region. It is important to discover if your fruit tree of choice needs another pollinator for fruit production.
Skip to content Ontario. Explore Government. Growing fruit trees in the home garden can be a very interesting and challenging hobby. There are several things that you should know about fruit tree culture that will improve your chances of success and make your hobby more rewarding.
Fruit Tree Espaliering — Espaliering is a fantastic way to grow trees including fruit trees in smaller spaces. It does require regular work and is definitely not recommended for the lazy gardener or those scared of secateurs, however the effort is well worth it.
Growing apples in your garden or backyard can be extremely rewarding, and with adequate knowledge and preparation, it can also be a fun and simple process. Now, you may be wondering, how long does it take to grow an apple tree? This post will answer that question by looking at different apple tree varieties and how quickly they grow, the impact of sun, soil, and water, and challenges related to fruiting. The number of years it takes for an apple tree to mature and bear fruit depends on which variety of apple tree you have planted. Standard apple trees, or full-size trees, can start producing fruit 4 to 8 years after being planted. Dwarf apple trees may begin to produce fruit within two years of being planted.
Are fruit trees suitable for growing in a pot , and producing fruit? Just visualize the enormous change we humans present to potted fruit trees. Under normal conditions, planted in the ground, the trees can explore and find the nutritional elements they need in a great volume of soil. If however we plant our trees in a container, then we dramatically curtail root growth and make the trees very much dependent on us for their nutrition and moisture requirements.