Commonly known as White Cedar, this is a lovely Australian native tree. It features clusters of small and fragrant, pale purple-white flowers in autumn. The flowers result in small and fleshy, yellow fruits when mature. NB: the fruits are poisonous to humans and other mammals but birds are able to eat them.
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May 05,Unknown said…. Seductive indeed. Doppelganger in my eyes to its relative the Neem tree Azadirachta indica. Toona ciliata is the other, though semi-deciduous in my experience. Strange also that while the Neem is heralded for its health promoting effects, my experience in managing public open space, is fielding complaints about the mess it leaves and the occasional request to remove it because it's poisonous. Talking Plants said…. Thanks for the feedback.
All true I guess that's true with most medicinal or purportedly medicinal plants, small quantities cure and large quantities can kill. It's all about the dose, which is why it is generally better to rely on tested medicines in tablets. There were some lovely Toona in Sydney's botanic garden but I would have thought it was a little large for most streetscapes - sadly.
All the best. John Fitzgibbon said…. I found a sterile variant 10 years ago in a Darebin City Council streetscape. The flowers do not become complete. Anyway, fruitless and safe in regard to pedestrian trip hazard and congestion of fruit by humans and animals. John Fitzgibbon. Thanks John. That's good to know. Not sure how I feel about this species not producing it's distinctive, but irritating!
A good solution though. Its roots and fruits are used medicinally, especially fruits for industrial oil material and soap bar. Tim and commenters, thanks for this discussion of Melia. Maybe we should keep some of our fruiting specimens in the landscape? Ethanolic fruit extracts may be a possible treatment for elm leaf beetle, both larvae and adults.
Take a look at Valladares et al, Laboratory Evaluation of Melia azeadarach Meliaceae Extracts against the elm leaf beetle Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae in Journal of Economic Entomology 90 3 :Thanks Sue.
That's very interesting - I wonder if that potential has been realised in the intervening years? I presume it would depend on the toxicity of the compound more generally and any other organisms that might be impacted. There are plenty of fruited plants in cultivation and nature, so I imagine we wouldn't run short of this extract.
No the neem tree is a different genus and species, Azadirachta indica, but there is a similarity in the names - with the species name of the White Elder being the genus name of the Neem! They do have some similarities but are different things. Loved the discussion. In a way, the scent is so nostalgic as it takes me back to my childhood days. I agree about the views expressed about what is a medicinal and what is poisonous. I will not hesitate to use a decoction of white cedar leaves as a pesticide for aphids etc as I find it much better than using chemical pesticides.
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This slow-growing tree reaches 25 to 40 feet in height and spreads to about 10 to 12 feet wide, preferring a wet or moist, rich soil. Transplanting is moderately easy if plants are root-pruned and either balled and burlapped or potted. White cedar likes high humidity and tolerates wet soils and some drought. The foliage turns brownish in winter, especially on cultivars with colored foliage and on exposed sites open to the wind.
Ripe cones are pale brown, oblong, and measure 8 to 13 mm .3 to.5”) long. Woody scales of mature female cones enclose double-winged seeds which are released.
Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists. Evergreen , aromatic tree with narrow, pointed, spirelike crown and slender, horizontal branches. Atlantic white-cedar is a columnar, evergreen tree , ft. Bark is ashy-gray to reddish-brown. Ancient logs buried in swamps have been mined and found to be well preserved and suitable for lumber. Pioneers prized the durable wood for log cabins, including floors and shingles. During the Revolutionary War, the wood produced charcoal for gunpowder.
Stately, aromatic, gigantic. One of the most majestic of all planted trees with its layers of branches and grey-green foliage, cedar is part of the enduring landscape of some of our grandest estates. The bark is blackish-brown with closely spaced ridges and cracks. The de-seeded cones disintegrate over time. This one is in the final stage of disintegration.
Aids to Identification: Atlantic white cedar is an evergreen tree, up to 25 m high, with small, scale-like leaves and characteristic cedar fragrance. Atlantic white cedar can be distinguished from northern white cedar, which is common and widespread in Maine, because the branchlets bearing the leaves are rounded, not flattened; by the bluish-green color of the foliage as opposed to the yellowish-green of northern white cedar ; and by the fruits which are small and spherical rather than elongate.
Melia is a small genus of 2 species. Melia azedarach is the best known species with a wide natural distribution extending from China, India and Japan to Indonesia, Australia and the Pacific Islands. It is also a widely distributed weed species in many parts of the world. The Australian plants are classified as Melia azedarach var. White cedar is a small to medium, deciduous tree from 6 to 35 metres in height. The bark is brown with narrow furrows which give a striped appearance.
This common tree of gardens and road verges is actually a native of the Kimberley area of Western Australia but has become naturalised in the Perth area. It produces sprays of white to pink lilac flowers in the spring and masses of hard yellow berries in the summertime. Cape Lilac is one of the few deciduous trees native to Western Australia and Iran. It grows to between m high. In spring it produced masses of white,pink or purple flowers followed by hard yellow berries in summer. Reproduction is by seed or suckers.
White Cedar (Melia azedarach) White Cedars are one of Australia's few native deciduous trees. Unlike European or North American trees though, white cedars.
This tree is one of the few deciduous Australian natives. It is fast growing with a rounded crown and dense leaf covering, making it a good choice for a deciduous shade tree. Glossy new foliage emerges in spring along with clusters of showy, fragrant, lilac flowers followed by hard, yellow to pale orange bead-like fruits which hang on the tree well into autumn after the leaves have fallen. Lovely autumn colour.
Melia azedarach - White cedar - cluster of delicate pale mauve and deep purple flowers. Species: azedarach. Type: Tree. Wind: Wind Tolerant.
Northern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis is a coniferous evergreen tree with scale-like leaves.
The Australian White Cedar Melia azedarach , also known as Persian Lilac and Chinaberry, is a lovely medium-sized tree for a country garden, with a large, spreading, umbrella shaped crown. It has pale green, pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, lilac flowers followed by golden, bead like berries. My tree was regularly cut back to half size until it grew above two metres, but now survives frosts of up to — 9 Celsius. White Cedars tolerate most soils, whether acid or alkaline, sand, clay or loam, and can withstand long periods without water. Trees are easily propagated from seed or root cuttings though seeds do not become viable for up to ten years. Their chief enemy is the White Cedar Moth, which appears from early summer as a four centimetre long brown caterpillar. At dusk they ascend into the branches in order to munch contentedly on the leaves.
Click on images to enlarge. Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze var. Kuntze Melia australasica A. Melia australis Sweet ex G.