Bare root fruit trees zone 6

Hmmm… Cherry cobbler in the springtime sun. Apple pie for some summer fun. Fresh plums for an out-the-door snack. We're here to answer your most common questions when it comes to getting started with your first few fruit trees.

  • Apple Production and Variety Recommendations for the Utah Home Garden
  • How Far Apart Should I Space Fruit Trees?
  • Bare Root Trees
  • Which Fruit Trees Can You Grow in Your Yard?
  • 10 Fastest Growing Fruit Trees for Your Backyard Orchard
  • Fruit Trees
  • Creating an Orchard
  • 16 Fruit Trees for Zone 3
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How to Plant a Bare-root Fruit Tree Step by Step

Apple Production and Variety Recommendations for the Utah Home Garden

View as a pdf. This bulletin presents appropriate information pertaining to growing apple trees in the home orchard. Success depends on several key factors. These include:. Over 2, varieties of apples are grown in the United States alone and over 7, worldwide. Those recommended in this publication were selected for overall popularity, ability to grow in Utah, and general availability.

Some listed varieties are less common and may need to be purchased via mail-order or from online retailers. As with most things, proper planning helps ensure success. This principle applies to successfully growing apples in the home orchard.

Aspects to consider before purchasing include soil testing, appropriate site selection and choosing suitable varieties. Once planted, it is necessary to be familiar with how to care for trees.

Principles of care include pruning; thinning and harvesting techniques; and pest and disease management. Sunlight is one of the keys to maximizing fruit production. If possible, choose an area with full sunlight most or all of the day. Early morning sun is particularly important to dry moisture from rain, irrigation sprinklers or dew from the trees and fruit, thereby reducing the incidence of diseases. Ideally, do not plant trees in the lawn to avoid mechanical damage from mowers and trimmers; competition for nutrients between turf and trees; improper irrigation; and disease problems associated with excessive moisture landing on leaves from sprinkler irrigation.

Apple trees are adapted to many soil types but prefer well drained soil and should not be planted where water stands for more than 24 hours unless soil drainage can be improved. In poorly drained areas, roots do not receive enough oxygen due to excessive water in the soil, resulting in stunted growth and possible eventual death.

Before purchasing, homeowners should perform the following:. Most apples are relatively cold-hardy. However, a more important factor to consider is when fruit ripens. In areas with shorter growing seasons, apples that require long growing seasons to ripen are not appropriate. In areas with the shortest season, summer ripening apples may be the only option.

Table 1is organized in order of approximate fruit ripening dates. Refer to it to find appropriate apples for your area. Additionally, Table 2 lists frost information for many areas of Utah. It includes average length of frost free days as well as average first and last frosts. Apples tolerate some frost. Some believe that light frost additionally improves flavor.

Keep in mind that apples should ripen at the same approximate time or before the average last frost in your area. Overall cold hardiness is additionally important. It is determined by the minimum temperature that a plant can tolerate. The United States Department of Agriculture has developed a uniform system that gives information on average minimum temperatures in a defined area. These areas are designated as zones using a number system. Cold hardiness is listed by zone in Table 1 for specific varieties.

A microclimate is a defined small area with a slightly different climate than surrounding zones. Microclimates may be warmer or colder can and impact plant survival and performance. For example, trees planted near the south and west sides of structures may bloom earlier due to increased reflected heat exposure from afternoon sun.

In certain situations, earlier blooming makes trees more susceptible to frost damage. However, increased heat realized from this sort of exposure may be more amenable to growing varieties that may not otherwise ripen fruit due to the lack of an appropriate frost free season.

Conversely, trees planted in the shade of north and east sides of structures may have slightly delayed blooming and ripening due to decreased heat exposure from the sun. Another situation to watch for is zones at slightly lower elevation where cold air may be trapped. These spots may experience earlier frost and be colder than other areas.

This is not the place to grow a variety that is marginally hardy or that may not regularly ripen due to the shortness of the growing season. Strains may be spur-type small short twigs that bear apples or non-spur-type. Spur-type strains are ideally suited for home gardeners with space limitations because fruit spurs and leaf buds are more closely spaced and this reduces overall tree size.

Varieties with spur-type strains are listed in Table 1. Factors that influence tree size include the root-stock level of care, variety, soil type, earliness of fruiting, time of pruning and severity of pruning. Of these, the particular rootstock a tree is budded or grafted onto is of 3 particular importance. Apple tree sizes are classified into three categories: standard, semi dwarf and dwarf. These sizes are determined by rootstock. Standard trees grow 40 feet tall.

Table 3 lists a number of common rootstocks. Many vendors also list the rootstock used on the information tag at the point of purchase. The M. Trees grafted onto it are extremely precocious trees bear earlier than they normally would but have a relatively weak graft union. Unless you can espalier—train trees or shrubs onto a trellis on which they are trained to grow flat—or provide another type of support, M.

Semi-dwarf trees on M. Dwarf trees often require support from a trellis or post and require different and often more maintenance than semi-dwarf and standard trees.

Those planting dwarf trees should become familiar with how to properly maintain them. Dwarf trees produce normal sized apples, just fewer of them, compared to a normal sized tree. After researching what varieties are suitable for local conditions and conducive to your intended use, you are ready to purchase. Retail informational tags attached to trees are helpful and offer basic information. Keep in mind these tags are generally printed for a national audience and may not completely pertain to local growing conditions.

Carefully inspect for diseases, mechanical damage and spiraling roots. Scrutinize for broken branches and trunk damage.

Minor damage is common due to how the plants are harvested and shipped and will not affect the overall health of the tree. The roots of bare-root trees should be inspected for damage and moistness. These roots should be kept damp otherwise damage or death could occur.

Remember that a small tree with a good root system is more desirable than a large tree with a poor root system. Once purchased, roots of bare-root plants and leaves of containerized trees should be protected while transporting. Ensure roots are moistened and surrounded in a wind resistant wrap. Lay down containerized trees with the container towards the front of the vehicle. In warm weather, cover trees with a tarp to protect from wind scorch.

Dig the planting hole two to three times wider than the root system of the tree and deep enough to just meet the root collar. If needed, compost may be mixed into the back-fill soil at a ratio of 1 part compost to 3 parts soil. Begin pruning and training trees in the first late winter or early spring following initial planting.

Neglect will result in poor growth and delayed fruiting. Pruning a young tree controls its shape by developing a strong, wellbalanced framework of scaffold branches. Unwanted branches should be removed or cut back early to avoid the necessity of large cuts in later years. The preferred method of pruning and training apple trees in the home orchard is the Central Leader System. Mention of an environmental disease called Southwest winter injury that is prevalent in Utah should be made.

It occurs when bark on the south and west sides of a tree is exposed to the sun during winter months. This causes sap flow during the day. At night, this sap in the conductive tissue of the bark freezes and eventually causes cells to burst. To prevent this, tree trunks and lower limbs should be wrapped with fabric tree tape, available at local garden centers and farm stores, in late fall and removed the next spring. In almost all areas of Utah, supplemental water is required for healthy tree growth.

Young trees should be watered every 4 to 10 days based on the soil type and temperatures. If trees are planted in well drained soil, irrigating more frequent is usually needed more than in heavier soils where deep soaking every 7 to 10 days is often adequate. Mature trees need deep watering about every 2 weeks during the growing season so that moisture reaches a depth of 2 to 3 feet.

This deep irrigation encourages a well establish deep rooted tree. Do not irrigate too early in the spring. This can cause root rot diseases and nutrient deficiencies. If you have lawn around your trees this is not recommended , slightly increase nitrogen fertilization and maintain adequate soil moisture at the deeper level for the tree. Eliminating weed competition in an area 3 feet in circumference around the trunk is critical for tree health and rapid growth, to free soil nutrients and moisture.

Frequent hand pulling and shallow cultivation, no deeper than an inch, controls weeds and minimally disturbs roots. Deeper cultivation disrupts shallow roots and is not recommended for young, establishing trees. Around established trees, slightly deeper cultivation is more acceptable. Additionally, mulches are excellent for weed control.

How Far Apart Should I Space Fruit Trees?

With these cold winter months ahead many gardeners are eager to get back outside and work on projects. Bare Root Fruit tree season is here! So many great varieties of fruit trees are available this time of year that become harder to find during the rest of the growing season. While we carry all of the classic favorites like apples, cherries and pears, we also bring in some in some unusual fruit trees such as persimmon, walnuts, and Chinese Jujube.

We have routinely advised growers in the upper Midwest to plant bare rooted trees mid- to late March, April or June.


There are many types or species of fruit trees to choose from, but not all are suitable for a cold climate or short growing season. When choosing a fruit tree for a new orchard, consider its winter hardiness, disease resistance and the ripening date of the fruit. Flavor, suitability for baking, cider or preserves can also be deciding factors in selection. Low winter temperatures limit which species or variety that can be grown. Poorly adapted varieties will be severely injured or die when exposed to temperatures they cannot tolerate. Apples and hybrid plums are the most winter hardy and can be grown in most locations. Peaches, cherries, pears, Japanese plums, and apricots are better adapted to southern and coastal areas, but have been known to survive in colder locations under the right conditions. Zone 1 is the coldest and Zone 11 the warmest.

Bare Root Trees

If you are looking for somewhere to buy fruit trees for your home orchard, look no further. Willis Orchard Company now offers the following dwarf fruit trees for sale for our customers with limited growing space, or for those that would like to grow fruit trees in containers, or their patio. These dwarf fruit tree selections offer a smaller, more compact form tree, without compromising it's fruit quality. The following Dwarf and Miniature Fruit Tree selections are self-fertile trees that will produce a good quantity of high quality fruits.

Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! This zone extends from northeast Washington state in a saddle that goes down through eastern Oregon across most of Nevada and Utah skipping most of Colorado , and continues through Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, parts of New York, as well as Massachusetts and Rhode Island.

Which Fruit Trees Can You Grow in Your Yard?

View as a pdf. This bulletin presents appropriate information pertaining to growing apple trees in the home orchard. Success depends on several key factors. These include:. Over 2, varieties of apples are grown in the United States alone and over 7, worldwide. Those recommended in this publication were selected for overall popularity, ability to grow in Utah, and general availability.

10 Fastest Growing Fruit Trees for Your Backyard Orchard

North of Zone 6, however, apple planting is pretty much limited to springtime. There are only a few rules to be followed in planting, but they are important and should be observed closely. Next, dig a big hole. Of course, the graft between the rootstock and the scionwood must be above the ground: Otherwise the scion will send down its own roots, and the dwarfing action of the rootstock will be defeat ed. Pack topsoil firmly around the roots, and trickle a bucket of water around the trunk after the hole is filled in.

All of these fruit, shade, flowering, coniferous, and ornamental trees and shrubs will live quite comfortably in areas within USDA Cold Hardiness Zone 6.

Fruit Trees

Having fruit trees is a great perk of owning a backyard. Apples and pears especially; there is too much variability in the seeds because of pollination. Stone fruits such as peaches, apricots, and nectarines are less variable and you can try to grow one from seed. Your chances of being successful are lower than buying a young tree, but the cost is obviously reduced.

Creating an Orchard

The home fruit garden requires considerable care. Thus, people not willing or able to devote some time to a fruit planting will be disappointed in its harvest. Some fruits require more care than others do. Tree fruits and grapes usually require more protection from insects and diseases than strawberries and blackberries. In addition, sprays may be required to protect leaves, the trunk, and branches. Small fruits are perhaps the most desirable of all fruits in the home garden since they come into bearing in a shorter time and usually require few or no insecticide or fungicide sprays.

Southwest deserts provide excellent climates for growing many kinds of fruit. Many of the most common fruit trees originated in desert or semi-desert regions and, with a little help, will grow as well here as anywhere.

16 Fruit Trees for Zone 3

We dream of a future in which it becomes the norm for everyone to have a fruit or nut tree in their backyard. We think that helping people to harvest some of their own food is part of a mission to make a better world, both for now and future generations. We are proud to grow all our trees naturally, directly in the soil. Having passed their entire life on our land, they are ready to be planted directly in yours. This is much better for the health of the tree: its roots can spread freely throughout the soil and gather its nutrients there, rather than being twisted and confined into a limited space.

A recent article in Old Farmers Almanac claims that fall is the best time to plant trees. The article covers all kinds of trees, but for the specific case of planting bare-root fruit trees we respectfully disagree. For customers in colder zones there are significant risks associated with planting bare-root fruit trees in the fall.

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